Effectiveness of Ordinance No. 2501 in Protecting Women from Sexual Harassment in Quezon City


  • Ramces Dili Polytechnic University of the Philippines, Philippines https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1469-2648
  • Roi Jones Abellana Polytechnic University of the Philippines, Philippines
  • Xander De Jesus Polytechnic University of the Philippines, Philippines
  • Christian Joriz Martinez Polytechnic University of the Philippines, Philippines
  • Renier Pasiona Polytechnic University of the Philippines, Philippines




gender and development, public policy analysis, local government, Philippines, sexual harassment


This study sought the effectiveness of City Ordinance No. 2501, otherwise known as the Gender and Development (GAD) Code of Quezon City, towards its protection of women against sexual harassment. This study sought the programs and projects of the said Local Government Unit (LGU) and how the residents and victims of sexual harassment in Quezon City view its effectiveness. Moreover, it sought out the mechanisms for its implementation. This study followed a mixed methodology with qualitative data from interviews, data analysis, and quantitative data from surveys. Such methodology was a means to procure a holistic goal of creating recommendations. This study concluded that the programs and projects for GAD and sexual harassment are aligned with City Ordinance No. 2501. Present in its implementation are mechanisms for reporting sexual harassment cases and ways to aid the victim. While the present of such exists, the victims of sexual harassment and residents within Quezon City do not strongly agree with the ordinance being ‘effective’ as they do not feel safety, inclusivity, and comfortability. This was mostly due to economic and social circumstances. Hence, this study recommend that it improves its dynamicity and reachability for stronger implementation, consideration for inclusivity, and better information dissemination regarding the ordinance.


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Author Biographies

Roi Jones Abellana, Polytechnic University of the Philippines, Philippines

Abellana is a student at the College of Political Science and Public Administration. He is taking up a Bachelor of Public Administration. He is also an active youth leader with an advocacy to empower every young Filipinos in and out of school. He became part of the "Binhi ng Pag-Asa Program" of Department of Agriculture along with the Office of Senator Grace Poe. He was invited to be a Resource Speaker and share with the youth how to be a good leader themselves, their importance as a young farmer, and the significance of Agriculture in their country. He is also an active advocate of gender equality, particularly fighting for the rights of his fellow LGBTQIA+ people that has been long pending and overlooked in the Philippines.

Xander De Jesus, Polytechnic University of the Philippines, Philippines

De Jesus is a student of the College of Political Science and Public Administration. He is taking up a Bachelor of Public Administration. He also has a young experience in the business industry; to name these ventures, he is positioned as a treasurer of LDJ Connections BPO, a company that operates in the Outsourcing industry. He is also a founder of a small meat-trading business named Xander Frozen Meat Trading. Apart from his business-related experiences, he is also a Political Affiliations Officer for SINAG Youth, a youth-empowerment organization under the Office of Senator Grace Poe.

Christian Joriz Martinez, Polytechnic University of the Philippines, Philippines

Martinez is a student of the College of Political Science and Public Administration. He is taking up a Bachelor of Public Administration. While pursuing his degree, he became active in campus journalism as well as gender and development advocacy. As an advocate, he is part of PUP Kasarianlan, a volunteer advocacy organization aiming to make the university a safe space for persons of diverse SOGIE while educating the people about SOGIE and HIV/AIDS. As a campus journalist, he was part of the Social Media and Layout Department of PUP Campus Journalist, the student writing arm for the newsletter, The Pylon. He also is the Associate Editor and Writer for The Catalyst, the official student publication of PUP.

Renier Pasiona, Polytechnic University of the Philippines, Philippines

Pasiona is a student at the College of Political Science and Public Administration. He is taking up Bachelor of Public Administration. He is a student-artist advocating for nationalist, scientific and mass-oriented education, and youth involvement in the socio-political scene. He is an Artivist, using performing arts as an outlet of his emotions and platform in educating and informing the masses about the ills of society. He was part of several productions and performance of Sining-Lahi Polyrepertory, the resident student theater organization of PUP, propagating and uplifting the artistic cultural awareness in every individual, and participating in socio-political issues.


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How to Cite

Dili, R., Abellana, R. J., De Jesus, X. ., Martinez, C. J., & Pasiona, R. (2022). Effectiveness of Ordinance No. 2501 in Protecting Women from Sexual Harassment in Quezon City. Journal of Government and Political Issues, 2(3), 137–145. https://doi.org/10.53341/jgpi.v2i3.82