Rethinking Patterns Development of Aceh's Socio-Economic Welfare After Two Decades of Implementing Asymmetric Autonomy "Special Autonomy"


  • Hendy Setiawan Universitas Selamat Sri



Aceh special’s autonomy fund; Aceh; Welfare


This study aims to determine the two decades of special autonomy in Aceh with the existence of special autonomy funds, but it does not have an impact on economic and social welfare in Aceh. Poverty and economic inequality are still rife, even though special autonomy is to provide space for the implementation of regional innovation and creativity in government administration. Several factors cause Aceh's special autonomy funds not to work correctly or still cause poverty in the Aceh region, namely development policies, the corruption that is still rampant, and poor management of the special autonomy funds. The development policy factor is related to the government, which favors industry players. Then, corruption is rampant because the Aceh government uses the special autonomy funds for its interests. The poor management of special autonomy funds is related to delays and errors in program planning from the provincial to regional levels. Then, the method in this study with a qualitative approach. Furthermore, the theoretical approach in this research is welfare theory to combine special autonomy as a way out of the slump in Aceh to date. This study shows that the Aceh Government is still misusing the Aceh Special Autonomy Fund because it is proven not to be prosperous, and the Acehnese people still experience the highest poverty rate in Sumatra. This research is essential because it needs to know and provide information to readers about how Aceh’s special autonomy funds are not being used appropriately, and the Aceh government still commits much corruption.


Download data is not yet available.


Abrar, M., Juanda, B., Firdaus, M., & Hakim, D. B. (2020). The Impact of Special Autonomy Funds on Poverty of Human Development and Unemployment in Aceh. International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change, 12(10), 713–734. Retrieved from

Akbar, K., Pasha Karim, Z., Fadlullah, N., & Siddiq Armia, M. (2021). Sistem Pengawasan Dana Otonomi Khsusus Aceh dan Dampaknya terhadap Pemberantasan Korupsi. Integritas, 7(1), 101–120.

Ali, S. Z. (2019). The Management Model of Aceh’s Special Autonomy Fund. Jurnal Bina Praja, 11(2), 159–170.

Amin Rachmat. (2006). Kenapa Kita Miskin Meski SDA Melimpah. Retrieved January 5, 2022, from Kotaku website:

Ananto, E. A., Darma, T. S., Ridwan, N. M., & Rizaldi, A. (2018). Satu Dasawarsa Otsus Aceh Tahun Anggaran 2008 s.d. 2018. Jakarta. Retrieved from

Asmara, C. G. (2021). Kaya Sumber Alam, Kenapa Aceh Jadi Daerah Termiskin? Retrieved January 1, 2022, from CNBC Indonesia website:

Aspinall, E. (2015). Special Autonomy, Predatory Peace and the Resolution of the Aceh Conflict. In Regional Dynamics in a Decentralized Indonesia (pp. 460–481). Singapore: ISEAS–Yusof Ishak Institute.

Cahyono, H. (2012). Evaluasi Atas Pelaksanaan Otonomi Khusus Aceh: Gagal Menyejahterakan Rakyat dan Sarat Konflik Internal. Jurnal Penelitian Politik, 9(2), 1–22. Retrieved from

Dewi, E., Munawiah, M., & Nurzalikha, S. (2018). Returning Government Policy for Poverty Reduction in Aceh. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal) : Humanities and Social Sciences, 1(4), 40–49.

Fiorillo, F., Giuranno, M. G., & Sacchi, A. (2021). Asymmetric Decentralization: Distortions and Opportunities. Economia Politica: Journal of Analytical and Institutional Economics, 38(2), 625–656.

Fujikawa, K. (2021). Settling with Autonomy after Civil Wars: Lessons from Aceh, Indonesia. Global Policy, 12(2), 204–213.

Hapsah, M. A., & Mas’udi, W. (2012). Paradoks Desentralisasi dan Kesejahteraan: Kalimantan Timur Kaya Tapi Miskin. Jurnal Desentralisasi, 10(1), 17–38.

Hayati, R., & Ifansyah, M. N. (2019). Praktik Desentralisasi Asimetris di Indonesia. PubBis: Jurnal Pemeikiran Dan Penelitian Administrasi Publik Dan Administrasi Bisnis, 3(2), 131–140.

Ikhsan, Suwaryo, U., Yani Yuningsih, N., & Van Ylst, F. (2020). Special Autonomy Fund To Reduce Poverty: Does It Work? Humanities & Social Sciences Reviews, 8(3), 362–370.

Isufaj, M. (2014). Decentralization and the Increased Autonomy in Local Governments. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 109, 459–463.

McGibbon, R. (2004). Secessionist Challenges in Aceh and Papua: Is Special Autonomy the Solution? In Policy Studies No. 10. Washington, D.C.: East-West Center.

Mediyanti, S. (2019). Analisis Dampak Realisasi Dana Otonomi Khusus Terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Provinsi Aceh. Jurnal Ilman: Jurnal Ilmu Manajemen, 7(1), 56–60.

Meliza, M., & Murtala, M. (2020). Analisis Ketimpangan Pendapatan di Provinsi Aceh. Jurnal Ekonomi Regional Unimal, 3(1), 27–38.

Permatasari, A. (2014). Otonomi Khusus Daerah Perbatasan, Alternatif Solusi Penyelesaian Masalah Perbatasan di Indonesia. Jurnal Media Hukum, 21(2), 226–240.

Prabowo, P. A., Supriyono, B., Muluk, M. R. K., & Noor, I. (2020). The Implementation of the Special Autonomy of Papua Province from The Aspect of Improving Public Services. Jurnal Pertahanan, 6(1), 59–74.

Raco, J. R. (2018). Metode Penelitian Kualitatif: Jenis, Karakteristik, dan Keunggulannya. Jakarta: Grasindo.

Raza, H., Fahmi, F., & Meutia, R. (2018). Difference Analysis of the Autonomy of Extended Regencies in Aceh Province Indonesia. Proceedings of MICoMS 2017, 1, 53–61.

Ridha Maulana, A. R., Zulham, T., & Sartiyah, S. (2020). Aceh Province Economic Convergence Determination. International Journal of Business, Economics, and Social Development, 1(4), 212–226.

Sanur, D. (2020). Implementasi Kebijakan Otonomi Khusus di Aceh Implementation of Special Autonomy Policies In Aceh. Jurnal Politica Dinamika Masalah Politik Dalam Negeri Dan Hubungan Internasional, 11(1), 65–83.

Setiaji, H. (2021). Kaya Sumber Daya Alam, Aceh “Juara” Kemiskinan & Pengangguran. Retrieved January 4, 2022, from CNBC Indonesia website:

Setiawan, D., Ulfa, K., & Purwaningsih, T. (2020). Poor Aceh: The Impact of Special Autonomy as Effort Poverty Reduction in Aceh. DIA Jurnal Ilmiah Administrasi Publik, 18(2), 1–14.

Sustikarini, A. (2019). Financing Peace: Special Autonomy Fund as a Peace Dividend in Aceh, Indonesia. Journal of ASEAN Studies, 7(2), 99–121.

Tadjoeddin, M. Z. (2007). A Future Resource Curse in Indonesia: The Political Economy of Natural Resources, Conflict and Development. In Crise Working Paper (Vol. 35). Oxford. Retrieved from

Tamberan, Y. W., Tawakal, M. A., Betaubun, S., Lamalewa, F., Kore, E. L. R., & Anwar, A. I. (2020). The Allocation of Special Autonomy Funds and Their Impact on Regional Economic Inequality in Papua Province. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 473(1), 1–5.

Zulham, T., Muhammad, S., Masbar, R., & Sirojuzilam. (2015). The Impact of Special Autonomy on the Convergence of Regional Economic Growth in Aceh, Indonesia. Aceh International Journal of Social Sciences, 4(1), 41–55.




How to Cite

Setiawan, H. (2022). Rethinking Patterns Development of Aceh’s Socio-Economic Welfare After Two Decades of Implementing Asymmetric Autonomy "Special Autonomy". Journal of Government and Political Issues, 2(1), 8–21.